A normal psychological condition of deep thinking is usually described as anxiety. It actually probes a person to find possible solutions for difficult problems. But anxiety at its higher intensity leads to anxiety disorders which cause fear, nervousness, apprehension and worry. Mild anxiety is unrealistic while severe anxiety disturbs one’s normal life. Excessive anxiety creates a fear of everyday situations and becomes a serious disorder.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Worry or fear without any specific reason dealing with situations in everyday life might lead to GAD. This disorder indicates intense anxiety, tension, nervousness and depression leading to physical hazards like headache, fatigue, shaking, irritability, sweating and muscle tension.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: People with OCD suffer from obsessions and repetitive behavior. Repetitive actions like recounting, washing hands repeatedly, rechecking are performed in order to avoid obsessive thoughts.
Panic Disorder: Panic disorder is a state of anxiety which leads to deep fear with the characteristics of physical symptoms like dizziness, confusion, trembling of the hands and breathlessness. People become panicky due to terrible experiences or repeated stress.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Post-traumatic stress disorder emerges with the fear of tragic or terrific events. Natural disasters, accidents, personal abuse or death of loved ones lead to traumatic disorder. Nightmares and thoughts about the past events bring out fear and anxiety which develops symptoms like sleeping problems, violent behavior, irritability and lack of concentration. Women are likely to become the victims of PTSD rather than men irrespective of age.
Social Anxiety Disorder: A condition which is marked by utmost feelings of fear and anxiety leads to social anxiety disorder. A person with this disorder becomes seriously conscious about everyday life situations. Speaking to new people, stage performance, being closely watched, being teased or criticized, attending social gatherings, exams, table manners in public are situations that might create social phobia.
Phobias: This type of anxiety disorder is determined by excessive fear or irrational situations. Phobia is said to create a state of embarrassment in people as they are aware that their fear is unrealistic in nature. Fear of insects like spiders, snakes,fear of great heights are some of the common phobias.
Anxiety disorders prove to be different from one person to another. However, these disorders can be categorized as mental and physical.
Psychological symptoms: Some of the psychological symptoms include:
- Feeling of fear or apprehension
- Negative attitude
- Lack of concentration
- Fear of danger
- Losing mental balance
- Feeling of unreality
- Mood swings
- Inferiority complex
Physical symptoms of anxiety: Anxiety is not just a feeling but leaves the body struggling with mental and physical disorders. People suffering from such disorder may visit the doctor frequently having mistaken anxiety for some medical illness. Common symptoms of physical anxiety include:
- Muscle tension
- Heart racing
- Excessive sweating
- Infections in urination
- Chest pain
- Tremors, trembling
It is often observed that the basic cause for anxiety is leading a stressful life. A person’s genital condition and the immediate surrounding might be crucial in causing anxiety. Negative counseling of the mind and thinking that the worst would happen may make a person depressive. Sometimes a chemical imbalance might exist in the brain due to overdose of medicines. It is evident that fears arise from an imbalance between the right and the left parts of the brain. Noradrenaline and serotonin are the two chemicals involved in transmission. The damage of serotonin causes anxiety and depression.
In some cases, heredity or genetic behavior might cause anxiety. Particularly children brought with fear and anxiety develop the same attitude as a learned behavior. Life experiences filled with tragic events, violence, abuse or criticism may also affect an individual’s mind leading to panic disorders of anxiety. The reasons could possible be life changes, entering a new job, death or departure of beloved ones. Usage of cocaine, caffeine and amphetamines can also cause disturbances in the mind.
Anxiety can be treated with the use of mild medications and physical treatments like electroconvulsive therapy and psychosurgical methods. Psychotherapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy are proved to be effective treatments. These therapies need to be eventually followed by relaxation techniques like breathing exercises and regular physical exercise.
Some natural remedies are available as a perfect treatment for anxiety. Warm water bath with few drops of perfume or scent would keep the body and the mind relaxed. An intimate chat with someone who is trustworthy would help in releasing anxious thoughts and maintain a composed mind. Walking can be a part of the regular exercise which refreshes the body and the mind. Yoga and meditation provide a sense of inner peace. Avoiding caffeine, alcohol and drugs would prevent from mood alterations.
The best way to calm anxiety is self talk or self counseling. Negative thoughts in the mind can be replaced by counseling the mind positively that one can get over anything that comes in life.
Nevertheless a balanced diet, good exercise and relaxation routine provide a stress-free life which is proved to be a holistic treatment for anxiety.